The BBC reported on 8th November 2011 that Anna Grodzka, 57 used to be a man named Krzysztof, before having surgery to become a she in Thailand in 2010.
She became Poland’s first transsexual Member of Parliament, and indeed the first ever transsexual MP in the history of Europe.
At the time of writing she is the only transgender MP in the whole world.
Historically, she is the third transgender MP.
The first was Georgina Bayer of New Zealand (born 1957), who used to be a man named George Bertrand. She was the world’s first openly transsexual mayor, and then later became the world’s first openly transsexual Member of Parliament, from 1999 to 2007. In 1984 she underwent sex reassignment surgery.
The second was Vladimir Luxuria of Italy (born 1965), who used to be a man named Wladimiro Guadagno. She was MP from 2006 to 2008. While she lives as a female, she has not undergone any surgery, hence she’s legally and physically is still a man.